Knowledge

 
How Integrated Solutions Can Help Achieve the Sustainable Development Goals

FriEnt (2019) The Working Group on Peace and Development (FriEnt) and its partners highlight in this dossier the linkages between different Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This dossier considers integrated solutions as a key to achieving the SDGs. Emphasising the indivisibility of the SDGs means to recognise linkages and encourage the identification of synergies and the development of integrated approaches and coherent policies. With a wide range of case studies, the working group identifies good practices, political achievements, challenges and lessons learnt in concerning land and conflict prevention.

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Achieving the SDGs and ‘Leaving No One Behind’: Maximising Synergies and Mitigating Trade-Offs

ODI (2019) With a wide range of examples, this paper aims to help governments and key stakeholders to face the realisation of the 2030 Agenda. The interaction between the different SDGs, known as ‘synergies’ and ‘trade-offs’ can have positive as well as negative effects. This working and discussion paper aims to contribute to the implication of the integrated nature of the 2030 Agenda and in particular, the commitment to ‘leave no one behind’.

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Progress on the Sustainable Development Goals: The Gender Snapshot 2019

UN Women and UN DESA (2019) This publication provides statistics and gender-specific indicators to analyse the SDGs from a gender perspective. The latest data on gender equality across all SDGs showcases the progress made and underscores the efforts that need to be done.

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Governance and National Implementation of the 2030 Agenda: Lessons from Voluntary National Reviews

UN University, Institute for Advanced Study of Sustainability (2019) This policy brief offers lessons learnt from 99 Voluntary National Reviews between 2016 and 2018. The key areas and other insights in relation to national governance structures for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda are analysed so that this brief provides recommendations for policymakers and stakeholders.

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Tracking Progress on Sustainable Development Goal 16 with Global State of Democracy Indices

International IDEA (2019) By using the Global State of Democracy (GsoD) Indices, this paper shows an overview of the progress in implementing SDG 16 since 2015 at the global, regional and country level. The global progress on SDG 16 is facing significant challenges such as the curtailment of civic space and democratic backsliding and erosion. According to the data, the public access to information and the protection of fundamental freedom face an underlying threat in all regions.

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URBANET Spotlight on LNOB

Another Spotlight-series from URBANET is focusing on the Leave No One Behind principle. The topics range from marginalised groups in cities to climate action in cities for making cities more inclusive.

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How to Build a National Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI): Using the MPI to inform the SDGs

UNDP, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, University of Oxford (2019) As a practical guideline for planners, policymakers and statisticians, this handbook provides detailed practical guidance on how to build a technically rigorous permanent national multidimensional poverty index (MPI). Additionally, it provides evidence on how countries have designed and computed their national MPIs to guide policy and to accelerate progress towards the SDGs.

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The Sustainable Development Goals Report 2019

UN (2019) This report by the UN showcases evidence for the progress made on achieving the SDGs. It highlights the evidence, that especially extreme poverty has declined, and that some favourable trends are evident. About 150 countries have developed national policies to save our planet and concrete actions are in progress to respond to upcoming challenges such as rapid urbanisation. Furthermore, a wide range of actors has engaged in achieving the SDGs in a manner that generates great hope for the coming decade.

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Toilets Not Taxes: Gender Inequity in Dar es Salaam’s City Markets

ICTD (2018) This study provides a gender-aware perspective on market taxation and offers interesting results in unequal funding of collective goods and services. Even if Marius Siebert and Anna Mbise found no evidence of a gender bias in the way market traders are taxed, they found a major gender issue: toilet feed. Since female traders pay up to 18 times more for their daily use of the market toilets and require toilets more frequently than men and have less alternatives, this study reveals that a focus on formal taxation systems does not reveal all complex linkages between gender and taxation in the formal sector of developing countries.

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Financing for Development and Domestic Revenue Mobilisation: More International Reforms are Needed

German Development Institute (2019) Developing countries need additional funding to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. Therefore, four different financial sources such as domestic public resources, international public resources, domestic private resources or international private resources can be used. The domestic revenues from taxes and non-tax sources are by far the most important, but fail to cover the financial needs of the SDGs. Beyond this, the financial flows from international public and private sources are declining, so that the governments of developing countries are under pressure. The German Development Institute sees the mobilisation of domestic revenues as the key and focuses on the international dimension of this issue. Tax avoidance by multinational corporations, fighting tax evasion and increased tax transparency worldwide are the key areas to act on. The capability to push forward critical governance reforms at the domestic level will define to which degree the developing countries take part in international standard-settings.

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