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Local Leadership for Disaster Resilience: Profiles from Asia and the Pacific

This report highlights the successful contributions of local leaders to long-term community resilience, local SDG-implementation and the achievement of Target E of the Sendai Framework in Asia and the Pacific (“Substantially increase the number of countries with national, and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020”). In addition to raising awareness for the context-specific knowledge and access to informal networks of local leaders, the report carves out the important role of local leaders for supporting formal institutions in resilience-building at the local level in times of increased disaster risk in the region.
 

Authors: Manu Gupta, Vijayalakshmi Viswanathan, SEEDS-India
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: UNDRR - Regional Office for Asia and Pacific

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Decentralisation and Peace: The Case of Burkina Faso (in German)

This study is the result of a GIZ appraisal mission in Burkina Faso. It draws on information derived from internal programme analyses, interviews and discussions with local and central state actors as well as advisors from two BMZ-funded missions of the Decentralisation and Communal Development Programme (PDDC) to propose new strategies and adjustments of German development cooperation projects in the field of decentralisation and governance to counteract stronger condition of fragility in the country.
 

Authors: Jerome Schroth, Benjamin Scheffzik, Manuel Wollschlaeger
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

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Decentralisation and Peace: The Case of Burkina Faso (in French)

This study is the result of a GIZ appraisal mission in Burkina Faso. It draws on information derived from internal programme analyses, interviews and discussions with local and central state actors as well as advisors from two BMZ-funded missions of the Decentralisation and Communal Development Programme (PDDC) to propose new strategies and adjustments of German development cooperation projects in the field of decentralisation and governance to counteract stronger condition of fragility in the country.
 

Authors: Jerome Schroth, Benjamin Scheffzik, Manuel Wollschlaeger
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

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Gender Inequality Exacerbates the COVID-19 Crisis in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings

No crisis has ever been gender-neutral and the same holds true for the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 has unveiled and exacerbated gender inequalities. Not only are 70% of health workers women, and are therefore disproportionately exposed to infection risks, many have also experienced an increase in gender-based violence (GBV) as a result of lockdown measures all over the world. Caren Grown and Franck Bousquet carve out the gendered effects of the crisis, in particular in contexts of fragility, conflict and violence (FCV) in this World Bank Blog post. Their account underlines the importance of gender equality for building resilient and peaceful societies.

Authors: Caren Grown, Franck Bousquet
Publisher: World Bank Blog
Publication Date: 2020

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Sustainable Development Report 2020: The Sustainable Development Goals and COVID-19

This year is not like any other. The COVID-19 pandemic continues to cost lives, with around 463,000 people dead as of June 20th, 2020. The realisation of most Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has shifted to the distant future. This year’s Sustainable Development Report reflects upon the challenges, but also the opportunities created by the pandemic, which has laid bare the vulnerability of our health systems and the massive inequalities that have existed and accelerated over the past decades. With the key objective being not only the restoration, but the reorientation of economic activity towards social and ecological sustainability, the SDGs will have to be at the heart of policymaking to enable a green and inclusive recovery from COVID-19. 

Authors: J. Sachs, G. Schmidt-Traub, C. Kroll, G. Lafortune, G. Fuller, F. Woelm
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication Date: 2020

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How Can Voluntary Local Reviews Contribute to the SDG Decade of Action? An As-sessment of VLRs to Date

Voluntary Local Reviews (VLRs) have been found to be an important vehicle in safeguarding the localisation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) has published two complimentary reports to highlight the best-practices of local and regional governments in working towards the achievement of Agenda 2030 and to inspire their replication. This article reviews key recommendations for strengthening the VLR process. It underlines the need to empower local governments in order to strengthen resilience, especially during and after COVID-19. 

Authors: Hirotaka Koike, Fernando Ortiz-Moya, Junichi Fujino, Yatsuka Kataoka
Publisher: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: UN-Habitat

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Participatory Incremental Urban Planning: A Toolbox to Support Local Governments in Developing Countries to Implement the New Urban Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals

The Participatory Incremental Urban Planning (PIUP) Toolbox by UN-Habitat provides a step-by step methodology to assess, design, operationalise and implement urban planning processes. Designed to fit the needs and local characteristics of various urban contexts, it serves as a roadmap for city leaders, urban planners, civil society and private actors to understand, visualize and strategize complex urban planning processes with a clear instruction of which key deliverables (urban analyses, scenarios, concept plan, action plan, detailed plans, feasibility studies, etc.) to include and how to design them. 

Authors: Laure Garel, Thomaz Ramalho
Publisher: United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)
Publication Date: 2020

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Policy Support, Effectiveness and Legitimacy in the Localisation of the Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aspire to have a transformational impact on how national and sub-national development strategies are set. However, as a global governance framework without legally binding commitment and formal enforcement initiatives, it relies on the acknowledgement of its legitimacy through a broad international consensus. This study commissioned by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the Generalitat de Catalunya analyses the challenges this poses to ensure commitment toward the implementation of Agenda 2030 at the local level. Written by F.J. Granados and A. Nogerini, it proposes three key elements of policy-making to enhance the legitimate and efficient support of the SDGs: 1. Fostering institutional coordination between different policy domains and levels of government, 2. Enabling stakeholder participation in the negotiation of policy preferences, and 3. Creating monitoring systems to keep political authorities accountable. The study concludes that as experts of the needs and characteristics of their territories, local and regional governments’ role is essential for establishing these structures along the policy cycle to strengthen the effectiveness and legitimacy of localised policy responses.

Authors: F.J. Granados, A. Noferini
Publisher: Generalitat of Catalonia / UNDP
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: Generalitat of Catalonia / UNDP

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Policy Brief: COVID-19 in an Urban World

With an affliction rate of approximately 90%, urban areas have become the epicentre of the COVID-19 pandemic. It is not density per se that correlates with higher transmission rates but rather social and economic geographies of inequality, which have made the lack of inclusive access to health services, housing and sanitation services painfully clear. The United Nations (UN) have launched a call to rethink the way we build and organise cities, using the pandemic as a starting point for a green and socially just recovery. This policy brief outlines three recommendations that this process should be based on: 1. Tackling inequalities and development benefits, 2. Strengthening capacities of local actors and governments and 3. Enabling a resilient, inclusive, gender-equal and green economic recovery.

Publisher: United Nations
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: United Nations

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COVID-19 and Fragility: The Threat Posed by Corruption, Crooks, and the Resulting Illicit Financial Flows

How can governmental responses to COVID-19 be effective in protecting the most vulnerable and enable an inclusive recovery, if a high amount of these urgently needed funds are lost to corruption and become illicit financial flows (IFFs)? This critical question is posed by Jana Warkotsch and Carola Frank in their recent publication featured by FriEnt. The lack of financial transparency and oversight does not only lead to a loss of funds - an estimate of 10-25 cents of every dollar spent on procurement are lost to corruption - but also damages the relationship between citizens and states. To counter these tendencies, the authors suggest strengthening a) both governments’ and donors’ commitment to transparency and accountability as well as b) local actors’ role to monitor and control how funds are spent.

Authors: Jana Warkotsch, Carola Frank
Publisher: FriEnt
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: FriEnt

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