Knowledge

 
Social Cohesion in Times of Forced Displacement: The Perspective of Youth in Jordan

Kuhnt et al., in: Zeitschrift für Flucht- und Flüchtlingsforschung Jordan has experienced a large influx of Syrian refugees in the last few years. This has significantly impacted the country’s society and its youth’s perception regarding social cohesion. This article by development economist Jana Kuhnt et. al. highlights the difficulties faced by young Jordanians in terms of participation opportunities and provides recommendations on how to dismantle the barriers between the host and refugee population

More
 
Beyond Local and International: Humanitarian Action at the Margins

ODI (December 2019) Discussing roles instead of actors: That is the approach of this briefing note published by ODI in December 2019. It examines the potential complementarity between international humanitarian and already existing community action. It considers the role of people working at the margins of humanitarian response and relates these insights to research provided by the four core aspects of the HPG’s local humanitarian agenda: capacity and complementarity, dignity in displacement, humanitarian financing and the protection of civilians.

More
 
Gender in Displacement: The State of Play

ODI (December 2019) Are crises enhancing gender inequalities? Does displacement affect women or men more severely? Does migration contribute to a shift in power dynamics between the sexes? ODI’s paper ‘Gender in Displacement: The State of Play’ provides important answers to these and many other questions concerning the change of gender roles during crises and how humanitarian programming has, more or less, addressed this crucial issue. A critical assessment of the latter demonstrates where further action is needed by international humanitarian organisations to tackle the problem of gender inequality.

More
 
The Urbanization of Food Insecurity and Malnutrition

IIED (2019) Urban poverty has many facets, ranging from insecure housing conditions and limited access to education to food insecurity and malnutrition. This briefing paper by IIED addressed how urban poverty, defined across multiple dimensions, limits access to safe, nutritious and convenient food. Moreover, it provides precious insights on the gendered nature of food-related responsibilities.

More
 
Using Mobile Phone Surveys to Track Resilience and Post-Disaster Recovery: A How-To Guide

BRACED (January 2020) In what ways do surveys need to be designed so that they encourage participation by a high number of people and reach respondents on a large scale? ODI offers guidance to this question in their How-To guide for mobile phone surveys. The reported results are based on the insights obtained by the Building Resilience and Adaption to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programme. Conducted between 2017 and 2019 in Myanmar, the goal of this well received survey was to evaluate and monitor resilience building activities and the success of post-disaster recovery programmes. This How-To guide provides practitioners working in international development with valuable insights on how to tailor and conduct their own phone surveys.

More
 
Disasters Journal: Technology Virtual Issue

ODI (October 2019) This joint special issue of Disasters and Development Policy Review examines the impact of technology and social media in disaster and development contexts. Using articles dating back to 2013, it illustrates not only the achievements of technological progress for conflict prevention, but also the restrictive nature that applies to certain technologies in some countries, such as gender-biased access to mobile phones. In addition, it demonstrates how humanitarian organisations can use new technologies to generate trust and to facilitate higher citizen participation.

More
 
Urban Refugees in Nairobi: Tackling Barriers to Accessing Housing, Services and Infrastructure

IIED (December 2019) In times of large-scale migration between countries, one demanding issue is the provision of healthcare for new inhabitants. This paper examines the situation of refugee’s access to healthcare, housing and infrastructure in the Kenyan capital of Nairobi. Published by IIED in December 2019, it aims to identify and offer solutions to how the potential for conflicts between refugees and city inhabitants can be reduced and how service provision in urban areas can be improved. The results of the study are globally applicable.

More
 
Towards More Inclusive Urban Health Systems for Refugee Wellbeing: Lessons from Kampala, Uganda

IIED (December 2019) Urban health care systems are required to respond not only to the needs of national citizens, but also to the specific necessities of refugees. Barriers such as language gaps, hidden costs, discriminating policies or lack of knowledge concerning specific procedures tend to exclude refugees from the health system. Making use of an innovative refugee-led methodology in Kampala, this working paper provides evidence on how refugees themselves are extending healthcare systems in the city through the training and provision of translators and community health officers. Nevertheless, some problematic gaps in service provision remain. These can only be overcome via cooperation with other government and humanitarian agencies.

More
 
Mobility Plan 2020-2030

U-LEAD with Europe (2019) Accessible and sustainable mobility is central to decentralised governance structures and can contribute notably to a greater exchange of knowledge and enhanced openness between citizens. Therefore, GIZ, in cooperation with other European states supports the U-Lead program. Its aim is to promote transparent, decentralised, population-oriented multilevel governance. The Mobility Plan 2020-2030 demonstrates how sustainable mobility can be achieved through the involvement of different political and civil actors. It provides an overview of U-LEAD’s conducted activities in the Ukrainian community Pryiutivska located in the region of Kirowohrad.

Download
 
Learning from Community Planning Following the 2010 Haiti Earthquake

IIED (2020) This working paper summarises the shared experience of 50 international organisations that worked together following the Haiti earthquake in 2010 to improve the conditions of informal settlements and to implement far-reaching institutional changes in planning policies in Haiti. The paper contributes to the emerging literature of urban area-based planning in humanitarian crises. In addition, it grants access to a digital archive that comprises all the data analysed for the paper and provides a starting point for staff involved in crisis-recovery, urban planning education and policy development to develop new approaches to tackle urban crises.

More