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Local Government Finance Indicators in South-East Europe: Statistical Brief

Part One of this statistical brief by NALAS provides policymakers and analysts with information on the structure and size of local governments in South-East Europe as well as a regional comparison of national and subnational government finance in 2018. Part Two showcases revenues and expenditures for the period 2006-2018, using selected indicators of macro–economic performance and fiscal decentralisation. The publication is the first of its kind, including only quantitative data organised in tables and graphs to allow for easily accessible and comparable country- and region-specific information.
 

Author: NALAS Task Force on Fiscal Decentralization
Publication Date: 2019
Copyright : NALAS

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Successful Local Government Fundraising and Project Pitching

Recognising the financial obstacles faced by local governments when trying to access funds for climate-resilient projects, this paper provides a short overview of different financial sources and practical advice for fundraising and project pitching. By drawing on the success story of the federal capital Brasília which was able to fundraise over USD 450 million for project implementation in 2021, this paper by the Global Platform for Sustainable Cities (GPSC) wants to empower local and regional governments to raise funds of their own.
 

Authors: Dr. Eszter Réka Mogyorósy, ICLEI World Secretariat; Alessandra Andreazzi Peres, Federal District Environment Secretariat, Brazil
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: ICLEI - Local Governments for Sustainability e.V

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Local Leadership for Disaster Resilience: Profiles from Asia and the Pacific

This report highlights the successful contributions of local leaders to long-term community resilience, local SDG-implementation and the achievement of Target E of the Sendai Framework in Asia and the Pacific (“Substantially increase the number of countries with national, and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020”). In addition to raising awareness for the context-specific knowledge and access to informal networks of local leaders, the report carves out the important role of local leaders for supporting formal institutions in resilience-building at the local level in times of increased disaster risk in the region.
 

Authors: Manu Gupta, Vijayalakshmi Viswanathan, SEEDS-India
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: UNDRR - Regional Office for Asia and Pacific

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Decentralisation and Peace: The Case of Burkina Faso (in German)

This study is the result of a GIZ appraisal mission in Burkina Faso. It draws on information derived from internal programme analyses, interviews and discussions with local and central state actors as well as advisors from two BMZ-funded missions of the Decentralisation and Communal Development Programme (PDDC) to propose new strategies and adjustments of German development cooperation projects in the field of decentralisation and governance to counteract stronger condition of fragility in the country.
 

Authors: Jerome Schroth, Benjamin Scheffzik, Manuel Wollschlaeger
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

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Decentralisation and Peace: The Case of Burkina Faso (in French)

This study is the result of a GIZ appraisal mission in Burkina Faso. It draws on information derived from internal programme analyses, interviews and discussions with local and central state actors as well as advisors from two BMZ-funded missions of the Decentralisation and Communal Development Programme (PDDC) to propose new strategies and adjustments of German development cooperation projects in the field of decentralisation and governance to counteract stronger condition of fragility in the country.
 

Authors: Jerome Schroth, Benjamin Scheffzik, Manuel Wollschlaeger
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH

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Gender Inequality Exacerbates the COVID-19 Crisis in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings

No crisis has ever been gender-neutral and the same holds true for the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 has unveiled and exacerbated gender inequalities. Not only are 70% of health workers women, and are therefore disproportionately exposed to infection risks, many have also experienced an increase in gender-based violence (GBV) as a result of lockdown measures all over the world. Caren Grown and Franck Bousquet carve out the gendered effects of the crisis, in particular in contexts of fragility, conflict and violence (FCV) in this World Bank Blog post. Their account underlines the importance of gender equality for building resilient and peaceful societies.

Authors: Caren Grown, Franck Bousquet
Publisher: World Bank Blog
Publication Date: 2020

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Sustainable Development Report 2020: The Sustainable Development Goals and COVID-19

This year is not like any other. The COVID-19 pandemic continues to cost lives, with around 463,000 people dead as of June 20th, 2020. The realisation of most Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has shifted to the distant future. This year’s Sustainable Development Report reflects upon the challenges, but also the opportunities created by the pandemic, which has laid bare the vulnerability of our health systems and the massive inequalities that have existed and accelerated over the past decades. With the key objective being not only the restoration, but the reorientation of economic activity towards social and ecological sustainability, the SDGs will have to be at the heart of policymaking to enable a green and inclusive recovery from COVID-19. 

Authors: J. Sachs, G. Schmidt-Traub, C. Kroll, G. Lafortune, G. Fuller, F. Woelm
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Publication Date: 2020

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How Can Voluntary Local Reviews Contribute to the SDG Decade of Action? An As-sessment of VLRs to Date

Voluntary Local Reviews (VLRs) have been found to be an important vehicle in safeguarding the localisation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) has published two complimentary reports to highlight the best-practices of local and regional governments in working towards the achievement of Agenda 2030 and to inspire their replication. This article reviews key recommendations for strengthening the VLR process. It underlines the need to empower local governments in order to strengthen resilience, especially during and after COVID-19. 

Authors: Hirotaka Koike, Fernando Ortiz-Moya, Junichi Fujino, Yatsuka Kataoka
Publisher: Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES)
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: UN-Habitat

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Participatory Incremental Urban Planning: A Toolbox to Support Local Governments in Developing Countries to Implement the New Urban Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals

The Participatory Incremental Urban Planning (PIUP) Toolbox by UN-Habitat provides a step-by step methodology to assess, design, operationalise and implement urban planning processes. Designed to fit the needs and local characteristics of various urban contexts, it serves as a roadmap for city leaders, urban planners, civil society and private actors to understand, visualize and strategize complex urban planning processes with a clear instruction of which key deliverables (urban analyses, scenarios, concept plan, action plan, detailed plans, feasibility studies, etc.) to include and how to design them. 

Authors: Laure Garel, Thomaz Ramalho
Publisher: United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)
Publication Date: 2020

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Policy Support, Effectiveness and Legitimacy in the Localisation of the Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) aspire to have a transformational impact on how national and sub-national development strategies are set. However, as a global governance framework without legally binding commitment and formal enforcement initiatives, it relies on the acknowledgement of its legitimacy through a broad international consensus. This study commissioned by the UN Development Programme (UNDP) and the Generalitat de Catalunya analyses the challenges this poses to ensure commitment toward the implementation of Agenda 2030 at the local level. Written by F.J. Granados and A. Nogerini, it proposes three key elements of policy-making to enhance the legitimate and efficient support of the SDGs: 1. Fostering institutional coordination between different policy domains and levels of government, 2. Enabling stakeholder participation in the negotiation of policy preferences, and 3. Creating monitoring systems to keep political authorities accountable. The study concludes that as experts of the needs and characteristics of their territories, local and regional governments’ role is essential for establishing these structures along the policy cycle to strengthen the effectiveness and legitimacy of localised policy responses.

Authors: F.J. Granados, A. Noferini
Publisher: Generalitat of Catalonia / UNDP
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: Generalitat of Catalonia / UNDP

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