Knowledge

 
Managing Ecosystems Goods to Foster Equitable Economic Growth in Cities

Cities Alliance (2019) Developed in cooperation with Vivid Economics, CA’s brochure on ‘Managing Ecosystems Goods to Foster Equitable Economic Growth in Cities’ identifies best practice approaches and tools for local and governmental policy makers concerning the management of ecosystem services and goods. The brochure highlights how local authorities in cities can effectively manage ecosystem services to foster equitable economic growth. The suggested tools and approaches identified provide a conceptual link between local government action, ecosystem service management, and economic outcomes.

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How to Formulate a National Urban Policy: A PRACTICAL GUIDE

UN-Habitat (2019) This practical guide by UN-Habitat describes cities as important centres of democracy, innovation and economic development. Since cities play a crucial role in the “make or break” of the global agendas, effective measures are needed to ensure their success. The implementation of national and sub-national urban policies can ensure sustainable urbanisation. Illustrating this process, this publication identifies the issues and for the process of formulating an urban policy that works within the international development framework and therefore is a valuable resource for countries that are in the earlier stages of developing a national urban policy.

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Foundational Primer on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

UN SDG (2019) Turning the SDGs into a reality by 2030 requires the active involvement and collaboration of all stakeholders. Therefore, this SDG Primer attempts to establish a common base of understanding to support SDG implementation approaches. It outlines the meaning and narrative of sustainable development and explores the interrelation of the SDGs across various sectors. In this context it touches upon five main topics, namely Sustainable Development and the SDGs in general, SDG integration, tools to support progress of national governments, possible financing strategies as well as options for collaboration between sectors.

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Financing the End of Extreme Poverty: An Update

ODI (2019) ‘No Extreme Poverty by 2030’ constitutes the first Sustainable Development Goal of the 2030 Agenda. In its report ‘Financing the End of Extreme Poverty: An Update’ ODI examines to what extent this goal has been reached. As in their first report from 2018 (refer to DeLoG Newsletter No. 41), the authors maintain that taxation schemes and public spending approaches in low- and middle-income-countries need to be adapted. Additionally, they encourage donor countries to follow the UN recommendations regarding donor spending. The publication pays special attention to the rising number of people threatened by extreme poverty and the relation between aid flows and taxation. Based on the data feasible recommendations for receiving and donor countries are given.

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Money Where it Matters: Designing Funds for the Frontier

IIED (2019) Published by IIED in 2019, this paper assesses the flow of climate finance from primary donor to local actor and introduces a new framework to improve the financial support of local institutions that address drivers of poverty, resource degradation and climate change. In addition, it provides information on how primary donors, global funds and financial intermediaries con contribute to this new climate finance system.

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“The Situation Needs Us to Be Active”: Youth Contributions to Peacebuilding in Yemen

Saferworld (2019) Published in December 2019, this report contains interviews and insights gained by Saferworld from their work with youth activists in Yemen. Since 2015 the country has been affected by civil war. The conflict has had devastating consequences for the Yemeni people. The report illustrates how youth organisations have contributed to peacebuilding efforts, social cohesion and the reduction of violence and makes concrete suggestions on how these efforts can be supported by international NGOs, UN agencies, donors and diplomats.

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Lives in Crises: What Do People Tell Us About the Humanitarian Aid They Receive?

OECD (2019) Following the World Humanitarian Summit in May 2016, the OECD began to question the quality and effectiveness of its development approaches in crisis settings. In order to improve their methods, they partnered with the organization Ground Truth Solutions to determine aid recipient’s perception of humanitarian aid. The survey was conducted with interviewees from six different countries (Iraq, Somalia, Uganda, Afghanistan, Lebanon and Haiti) who had experienced different types of crises and tailored aid responses. The results of the survey are summarized in ‘Lives in Crises: What Do People Tell Us About the Humanitarian Aid They Receive?’.

 
Synthesis Report on Climate Action by Local and Subnational Governments

Climate Change Association (2019) Issued by the Climate Change Association in November 2019, this report provides a detailed description of advances made in climate policy up-to-date. Divided into three sections, it assesses which local and subnational government approaches have had an impact on the climate change goals. Each section of the report outlines a different aspect of the implementation process. Section one focusses on the implementation progress of local governments concerning climate policy, section two compares the advances made in different territories, while section three highlights achievements from 80 different initiatives around the world. Moreover, it sheds light on decentralised cooperation approaches.

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Government at a Glance Southeast Asia 2019

ADB and OECD (2019) This joint report by ADB and OECD uses 34 indicators to assess government performance and public management practices in the ten ASEAN member countries. The first edition of the ‘Governments at a Glance’ series for Southeast Asia provides the latest data on public administration, public finance and economics as well as public employment, budget practices and procedures, strategic human resources management, digital government, open government and citizen satisfaction with public services. While the report concludes that people in Southeast Asia are relatively satisfied with public service quality, the key areas identified for improvement include reducing barriers preventing women from reaching senior leadership positions, strengthening fiscal frameworks and digital government strategies to provide citizens with better access to services.

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Failing to Reach the Poorest: Subnational Financing Inequalities and Health and Education Outcomes

Development Initiatives and ODI (2019) Investments in health and education are crucial to improving lives and reducing inequalities. This paper provides information on global inequalities and carves out options to improve targeting in order to enable better preconditions for faster and more efficient progress. In this context the paper assesses the outcomes of subnational financing of health and education in 82 low- and middle-income countries as well as in target regions with the worst health and education outcomes.

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