Knowledge

 
The “Youth Burden” Needs a New Narrative and How We Respond to Covid-19 in Conflict Zones Can Change it

The “Youth Burden’’ refers to societies characterised by an above average share of young adults and children suffering from high unemployment and a lack of opportunities. By re-framing the “Youth Burden’’ as a chance for locally-grounded, effective and context sensitive responses in line with UN Resolution 2250 on Youth, Peace and Security, Melanie Pinet tries to underscore how young people can contribute to peace processes and crisis response and how they should be included in these processes at both the local and international level. Concrete examples from Mali, Cameroon, South Sudan and Syria are cited to provide context.

Author: Melanie Pinet
Publisher: Overseas Development Institute
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: Overseas Development Institute

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Promising Practice: Strengthening Citizen Participation and Local Governance in Benin to Leave No One Behind

In Benin considerable progress has been achieved with decentralisation processes in the last 15 years. However, the transfer of resources and competencies from central to local authorities for basic service provision remains limited, so do possibilities for citizen's participation in local decision-making processes, especially for marginalised persons and groups, such as women, youth and persons with disabilities. The GIZ Programme "Supporting Decentralisation and Municipal Development (PDDC)" – on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) – supports 25 municipalities in enhancing their ability to provide services and aims to improve effective citizen participation in local governance. This Promising Practice describes the measures implemented by the project, its impact and lessons learned.

Publisher: GIZ
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: GIZ

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Cambodia’s Property Tax Reform: Policy Considerations Toward Sustained Revenue Mobilization

Over the last twenty years Cambodia has undergone remarkable development concerning its income status. Previously classified as a low-income country, the country attained middle-income status in 2016. The Revenue Mobilization Strategy for 2019 - 2023 aims to further consolidate this process by contributing to transparent taxation of property and land use regulations. This brief by the Asian Development Bank provides an overview of implemented measures and highlights the effects these have on the quality of urban governance in Cambodia.

Publisher: Asian Development Bank
Publication date: 2020
Copyright by: Asian Development Bank

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Why Do We Need Local Governments in Pandemics?

With local governments at the forefront of fighting the Corona-pandemic, the adequate assumption of responsibilities concerning service delivery by local and regional authorities has become more important than ever. Therefore, this opinion piece by Serdar Yilmaz from the World Bank Group recommends that in matters of governance the subsidiary principle should be followed. According to this principle concrete actions should be taken by the lowest level of government capable of doing so effectively. In support of his argument Yilmaz identifies (at least) three categories of responsibilities that can best be met by local authorities, including the provision of healthcare services, the execution of epidemiological investigations as well as the maintenance of social services and the economy.

Author: Serdar Yilmaz
Publisher: World Bank Group
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: World Bank Group

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Africa's Cities: Opening Doors to the World

According to the authors of this report prosperity in Africa’s cities is prevented by a lack of adequate regulations and policies as well as missing infrastructure. As a result, land and labour are misallocated, productivity is hampered, and skills are not developed any further. In response the authors recommend that cities specialise in manufacturing, trading with goods and services on a regional and global scale, attracting investments and developing scale economies.

Publisher: The World Bank/ UKAID
Publication Date: 2017

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Rethinking the Ecosystem International City Networks

Beyond the growing influence of cities in shaping global agendas, the ecosystem of city networks has experienced a reconfiguration. This report analyses how the cities’ platform functions, to what extent their impact on global agendas is visible, which services they offer and how cities can coordinate their agendas. By understanding the mechanisms of such networks, their capacities can be extended and their influence for international cooperation increased.

Publisher: CIDOB
Publication Date: 2019

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A World Without Refugee Camps? IIED Launches Research on Urban Refugees

In this article by Lucy Earle, the potential of municipalities to resolve forced displacement within the urban context is explored. Several possibilities are described such as hosting people in urban areas instead of camps. In addition, she describes what awareness raising campaigns can look like and which immediate responses to protracted displacement can be implemented by cities. Earle carves out the potential of municipal authorities to partner with migrants, organisations for marginalised groups or local stakeholders to address forced displacement together.

Author: Lucy Earle
Publisher. IIED
Publication Date: 2020

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The Transition to a Predominantly Urban World

This blogs and interview series by David Satterthwaite, Senior Fellow at IIED, explores aspects of urban change across the globe. In this context questions such as how cities can develop sustainable growth patterns or how they can contribute to inequality are discussed. Every two weeks, Satterthwaite publishes a new blog entry placing a different focus on the large spectrum of issues around urban development each and every time.

 

Publisher: David Satterthwaite/ IIED
Publication Date: 2020

 

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Donor Support to Peace Processes: A Lesson for Peace Literature Review

The frequency of global crises and thus the demand for clear strategies and approaches from donor countries to address these conflicts is on the rise. Hence, a profound revision of peace-keeping activities is crucial to improve disaster response in future. Based on the existing literature on peace processes, ODI has extracted three key lessons for the provisions of donor support to peace processes, namely (1) the need to pay close attention to the multipolarity of interests among local actors, (2) the necessity to involve all involved stakeholders to ensure the development of inclusive, flexible and feasible solutions and (3) the relevance of providing financial and personal assistance to guarantee the implementation of agreements from peace accords.

Publisher: ODI
Publication Date: 2020

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Politically Informed Approaches to Gender in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings: Insights from an Expert Meeting

In September 2019, ODI and the Westminster Foundation for Democracy organized a meeting with global development research and policy experts and practitioners to explore the topic of working on gender in fragile and conflict-affected settings (FCAS). By formulating four key messages, this report clearly captures suggestions for improvement. These recommendations range from making programming more politically informed and adaptive, including qualitative and quantitative data in the analysis, monitoring and evaluation of programmes and developing platforms to foster the exchange between practitioners.

Publishers: ODI/ Westminster Foundation for Democracy
Publication Date: 2020

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