Knowledge

 
Global Policy, Local Implementation – Impacts of the Global Compact on Refugees

Diplomatisches Magazin (2020) As a reaction to the growing number of refugees fleeing to the European Union, the UN member states forged the Global Compact on Refugees in 2018. The Global Compact is meant to strengthen the international response to large movements of refugees and protracted refugee situations. Yet, in contrast to the agreements put in place by the international community, it is the cities and municipalities of the global South that have to carry the substantial burden. The question of how the policy interests and goals of local actors can be fulfilled while acting in accordance with the guidelines of the Global Compact is explored in this news article by Eva Dick and Markus Rudolf.

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#12 Why Local Government Finance is Essential to the COVID-19 Response

UNCDF (2020) UNCDF’s podcast Capital Musings explores all matters finance related at the domestic level. From financing for climate adaptation, to municipal finance solutions or female economic empowerment, it touches upon all topics related to sustainable development with a special focus on necessary measures to reduce poverty and support local economic development in the world’s 47 least developed countries (LDC). In its 12th episode the show examines the role of local governments for the COVID-19 response and how their capability to respond to the crisis is hampered by missing funding in LDC’s. With his two interview partners, , the show’s host attempts to answer the question: COVID-19 Emergency Response. Local Government Finance. Guidance Note for Immediate Action” (featured

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Fill the Gaps, Feel the Pain: Insights from Sierra Leone on an Epidemic’s Impact on Local Taxation, Public Services, and the Poor

In her blog Vanessa van den Boogaard, research fellow at the International Center for Tax and Development, explores the ramifications of the COVID-19 pandemic on local tax systems, public service delivery and the poor. Her insights are based on experiences gathered in the country of Sierra Leone during the Ebola epidemic, which killed more than 3,900 people in the country alone, and therefore offers important insights into the indirect economic effects of such health crisis. Van den Boogaard concludes that as a result of decreased income from local taxes and revenues during the crisis and due to the shift of donor funds to public health needs, individual financial burdens of citizens to uphold service delivery increased and the poor were substantially excluded from access to public goods. Drawing on the results of her analysis she summarises important lessons learned from Sierra Leone and gives concrete recommendations on how to handle the COVID-19 outbreak and mitigate the economic impact.

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The Future of Tax for Development

ODI (2020) In ODI’s new publication on “The Future of Tax for Development” four experts share their perspectives on how taxation schemes need to be adapted to serve the advancement of SDG implementation in a most efficient manner. Four different thematic areas are explored: Hazel Granger discusses the design of fair and efficient tax systems for low-income countries. Martin Evans explains the role of informal taxes and transfers for social protection and fiscal welfare. Samuel Sharp looks at how civil society can promote tax reforms. And Linda Calabrese explores the potential of taxation for general economic transformation.

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Shared Responsibility, Global Solidarity: Responding to the Socio-Economic Impacts of COVID-19

UN DESA (2020) In its report UN DESA explores the social, economic and multidimensional ramifications of the COVID-19 outbreak. Next to recommendations to suppressing the spread of the disease, the report carves out the pandemic’s implications for the realisation of the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement. Intended as a call to action for national, sub-national and local governments and partners, the brief outlines sustainable solutions to cope with the identified impacts at the global, regional and national level and calls for strong partnerships to accelerate the global response.

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Series on Urban Culture and its Relevance for Recovery in Post-Conflict Settings

Urbanet (2020) Societies trapped in conflict and crisis often lack access to and opportunity for cultural expression. This appears to be the general consensus. But what role does culture play for reconciliation and recovery? Can culture be a facilitator of peace and good governance? The city of Mostar in Bosnia and Herzegowina serves as an example that when reconstructing a city after violent conflict, investments in its appearance can provide hope and orientation to citizens. The blog series by Urbanet on Urban Cultures invites us to rethink the role of culture for societies after conflict.

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Eleven Recommendations for Working on Empowerment and Accountability in Fragile, Conflict or Violence-Affected Settings

IDS (2020) Yemen, Syria, Libya, Somalia, Ukraine, Sudan, Gaza - the list of regions affected by conditions of fragility and insecurity is gradually becoming longer and longer. Due to safety considerations regarding their staff and concern for the measures of repressive regimes, donors and development organisations often withdraw their support to these countries. In its brief, the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) argues that it is of utmost importance to continue the support of local actors through empowerment and accountability measures during these times. In this context, the approach of “working under the radar” implemented by IDS’ Action for Empowerment and Accountability (A4EA) programme is explored.

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Praia Group Handbook is a Long-Awaited Stepping Stone to Governance Statistics

Praia City Group (2020) Good governance systems are by definition in need of accurate monitoring and control measures in order to allow for the identification of gaps in terms of service delivery. By conceptualising and systematising the various dimensions of governance statistics as well as taking stock of existing approaches to governance data collection, this Handbook on Governance Statistics by the Praia City Group provides a solid foundation for the development of international statistical guidance and standards in all areas of governance statistics. To provide an adequate framework it draws on eight different dimensions of governance, including non-discrimination and equality, participation, openness, access to and quality of justice, responsiveness, absence of corruption, trust as well as safety and security. The Handbooks primary target group are national statistical agencies.

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Public Participation - Approaches and Experiences from Eastern Ukraine for Involving Citizens in Municipal Development

GIZ (2020) The potential of public participation for improving governmental decision-making has become increasingly important to the Ukraine within the scope of its decentralisation reform. Therefore, the GIZ programme “Initiatives of the Infrastructure Programme for Ukraine” (IIPU) supports municipal stakeholder in developing and implementing integrated participatory measures to upgrade their delivery of basic services, public administration, public planning, social infrastructure and employment opportunities. The implemented measures as well as lessons learned are summarized in this publication. For more publications from the programme, visit their Knowledge Tank here: https://developeastua.org.ua/de/studierzimmer/

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COVID-19 Emergency Response - Local Government Finance. Guidance Note for Immediate Action

UNCDF (2020) In response to the global spread of COVID-19, the World Health Organisation has urged local governments to “test, test, test”. In its guidance note, UNCDF summarised measures that local governments can conduct to respond to the pandemic. Taking into account the need for fast effective local action to slow the spread of the virus, the publication pays particular attention to actions that can be implemented within days and weeks instead of Taking into account that the past months or years and weeks have demonstrated that fast effective local action is of utmost importance to slow the spread of the virus, the publication pays particular attention to actions that can be implemented within days and weeks instead of months or years. Generic in nature the collected responses can be adapted to individual territorial circumstances.

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