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Guidelines for Voluntary Local Reviews Volume 2 - Exploring the Local-National Link

UCLG and UN-Habitat have designed tools, methods and institutional opportunities to support local and regional governments in engaging with the global agendas and the localisation of these common goals. Volume 2 of the VLR Series, the Guidelines for Voluntary Local Reviews, provides an overview and analysis of how the linkage between national and local levels is playing out. VNRs and VLRs are inherently complimentary, but these Guidelines guide a way to merge them constructively. This Volume explores to what degree the local level, the localisation of the SDGs and the untapped potential of local action are acknowledged in national reviews.

Publisher: UCLG and UN-Habitat
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UCLG and UN-Habitat

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A “Decade for Action” on SDG Localisation

This paper echoes the UN-General Secretary's call for a ''Decade of Action''. With local governments at the forefront of fighting the COVID-19 pandemic, the adequate assumption of responsibilities concerning service delivery by local and regional authorities has become more important than ever. This study highlights that the expansion of human well-being, in terms of capabilities, and the pursuit of sustainable human development and transformative resilience is inherently linked to multilevel governance mechanisms. All levels and sectors must engage with and commit to the aim of fostering sustainable development and social empowerment.

Author: Mario Biggeri
Publisher: Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Routledge 
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, Routledge 

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NALAS Fiscal Decentralisation Indicators Report

NALAS eight edition of the Fiscal Decentralisation report focuses in particular on the regulation, management and financing of decentralised social sector services in South-East Europe. The report provides a comparative overview followed by a detailed analysis of the local government responsibilities in education, social care and protection and public health in South-East Europe, how they are regulated, managed and financed for all South-East European economies. As the world continues to face the aftermath of COVID-19 and local governments lead recovery efforts, a special chapter is dedicated to the municipal response to COVID-19 in the social sector in South-East Europe. It shows what South-East European local governments have been doing to weather the crisis impact in education, social protection and care and public health. The report also gives an outlook on fiscal decentralisation tendencies in South-East Europe.

Editors: Tony Levitas, Brown University and Elton Stafa, NALAS
Publisher: NALAS
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: NALAS

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Mobilizing Capital for Local Development Funds: A Longitudinal Case Study in Leveraging Millions to Billions

This longitude case study by UNCDF shows how the local development fund (LDF) generated billions of dollars for local social and economic development in the world’s underserved and underinvested regions. The publication consists of a synthesis overview and 10 country cases (Bangladesh, Benin, Bhutan, Guinea, Lesotho, Mali, Nepal, Solomon Islands, Tanzania and Uganda). These Funds significantly contributed to fiscal decentralisation and the expansion of local fiscal space and local fixed capital formation – two prerequisites for economic transformation. The paper gives insights into enabling enviroment for intergovernmental fiscal transfers to local governments and analyses the contributing factors in the model’s success.

Authors: David Jackson and Christel Alvergne
Publisher: UNCDF
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UNCDF

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An Intergovernmental Perspective on Managing Public Finances for Service Delivery

This paper by the NYU and ODI provides insights on how sector finances are managed in diverse multilevel systems of government, and how these arrangements may affect service delivery. By looking across the relevant literature and applying an intergovernmental lens to health sector financing arrangements in four African countries with different intergovernmental systems - Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, and Uganda - this study demonstrates the value of more purposefully incorporating intergovernmental structures and dynamics into the analysis of sector financing and service delivery. It delivers important contributions and insights into inclusive and effective service delivery, especially in times of a global pandemic, climate change, and worsening global inequalities.

Author: Paul Smoke, NYU, ODI
Publisher: NYU and ODI
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: 
NYU-Wagner, ODI, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

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International Migration Outlook 2021

The 2021 edition of International Migration Outlook analyses recent developments in migration movements and the labour market inclusion of immigrants in OECD countries. It also monitors recent policy changes in migration governance and integration in OECD countries. This edition includes two special chapters, one providing an in-depth analysis of the fiscal impact of migration in OECD countries since the mid 2000s and another on the causes and consequences of the residential segregation of immigrants. The Outlook also includes country notes and a detailed statistical annex.


Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: OECD

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Multilevel Emergency Governance: Enabling Adaptive and Agile Responses

The provision of equal and secure access to public services is a core responsibility of Local and Regional Governments (LRGs). Clearly defined functions and mandates as well as access to finance for LRGs are necessary to enable them to fulfil that responsibility especially in times of crisis. These objectives are at the centre of this report on Multilevel Emergency Governance and a prerequisite for sustainable solutions and reaching the SDGs. This policy brief by UCLG, Metropolis and LSE Cities demonstrates the institutional dimensions of rapid and radical action in response to complex global emergencies. It provides a widerange of concepts and frameworks as a preliminary resource to guide and foster further debates on multilevel governance and emergency coordination. Throughout the chapters you will find guiding emergency principles as well as remmondations for a coordinated, adaptive and agile emergency response. 

Author: Philipp Rode and Rebecca Flynn
Publisher: UCLG, Metropolis, LSE Cities
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UCLG, Metropolis, LSE Cities

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Building Participatory Accountability Systems for City Policies

Rapid urbanisation is one of the main challenges of cities across the globe. Cities are trying to react rapidly and effectively to its impacts while acknowledging that inclusion is fundamental for resilient and sustainable development. Inclusion also means adapting to the context and finding suitable, tailored solutions for needs at the local level. Developed by UN-Habitat, this handbook is a guide for participatory approaches to urban projects. It presents a methodology designed and deployed in six cities in Bolivia, Brazil, and Peru from 2017 to 2020. The publication showcases how to strengthen participatory, transparent and accountable systems at the local level and introduces results, lessons learnt and innovative tools for capacity-building.

Author: Beatriz González Mendoza
Publisher: UN-Habitat
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UN-Habitat

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Ghost Citizens: Women and Informality in Cities - What Can Europe do?

Most people in the world live in informal settlements, work in the informal economy or have no identity documents. These people are especially vulnerable to crises and women represent a high number in this population. They are disproportionately affected by inadequate housing, services and infrastructure. Development action still insufficiently addresses the needs of women in informal contexts. The brief highlights the need for EU policymakers to implement the frameworks of the European Gender Strategy and the Gender Action Plan III effectively and enable inclusion in shaping future EU policies and action on giving legal recognition to people and specifically women, living in informal contexts. It provides thematic knowledge, recommendations for strategic and operational work and case studies on the topic.

Author: Giulia Maci, Felicity Kitchin
Publisher: Cities Alliance
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: Cities Alliance

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The Territorial Impact of COVID-19: Managing the Crisis and Recovery Across Levels of Government

The COVID-19 pandemic required governments across the globe to address health, social, political and economic issues quickly and in a coordinated way. It also showed the need for coordinated, multi-sectoral and multi-level response to ensure addressing the crisis and recovery appropriately. While vaccinating the population is the main priority for governments, this also presents many challenges, especially for multi-level governance. Indeed, the effects of the pandemic are different across regions and cities. This paper analyses the different territorial dimensions of the pandemic's impact. It not only provides an overview of subnational responses to COVID-19 through the lenses of the health, economic, social and fiscal dimensions, it also offers a perspective on how the crisis can reshape multi-level governance.

Author: Dorothée Allain-Dupré, Isabelle Chatry, Antoine Kornprobst, Maria-Varinia Michalun, Courtenay Wheeler
Publisher: OECD
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: OECD

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