Knowledge

 
Resource Guide: Building Transparent and Open Public Procurement Systems for Achieving the SDGs in ASEAN

This resource guide by UNDP promotes collective action through multi-stakeholder partnerships where governments, citizen, and the private sector at all levels of government work together to strengthen transparency and openness in public procurement systems. Open and transparent public procurement systems are an important tool, not only in preventing corruption but also for achieving the SDGs, as they are a prerequisite for the delivery of basic services like medical goods, water services and infrastructure. This guidebook maps existing tools and best practices in the ASEAN region. Furthermore, it lays out some entry points for policy dialogue on this topic and reforms at the national and subnational levels. 

Author: Magda Theodate
Publisher: UNDP
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UNDP

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Gender Mainstreaming in Local Public Policies in Tunisia

These policy briefs fit into the greater framework of the "Improving the gender-mainstreaming within local public policies" project in the cities of Béja and Médenine. led by Aswat Nissa in partnership with Cities Alliance and Heinrich-Böll Stiftung. The aim of these brief is to contribute to reduce gender inequalities in a Tunisian context by decentralization of powers. The research is based on two field surveys that try to identify the gender needs of the population and assess the degree of gender mainstreaming in local policies. The policy briefs comprise recommendations to strengthen gender mainstreaming in the community planning process and thereby support the fight against all forms of discrimination and violence that vulnerable groups and especially women in the communities may face.

Publisher: Heinrich Böll Stiftung, Aswat Nissa, Cities Alliance
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: Heinrich Böll Stiftung, Aswat Nissa, Cities Alliance

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Towards the Localisation of the SDGs: Sustainable and Resilient Recovery Driven by Cities and Territories

The fifth report of local and regional governments (LRGs) to the High-Level Political Forum provides readers with a comprehensive analysis of LRGs’ efforts to respond to the pandemic in cities and territories worldwide, as well as their connections with the SDGs under review. Focus is laid on the 43 countries presenting Voluntary National Reviews this year. It shows how LRGs are contributing to promoting a safe, just and green recovery at all levels and what challenges must be overcome to harness their full potential. Throughout six insightful chapters the policies and enabling environment for SDG localization are showcased as well as the effects of and recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic through concrete means of implementation are laid out.

Publisher: UCLG
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UCLG

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Financing Sustainable Urban Development

This report identifies relevant measures to help mobilise financing for urban development at all levels of government. Through urban case studies from different countries such as Senegal, Somaliland (Somalia), Uganda, Kenya and Malawi, as well as interviews with experts and practitioners, this report outlines why it is increasingly important to scale up investment from all sectors and sources in cities in developing countries. It also demonstrates the relevance of identifying concrete and actionable measures that could help alleviate constraints to mobilising finance for sustainable urban development. This working paper focuses on investment conditions and drivers, recognising the importance of flexibility for a wide variety of contexts. It fosters the support towards strengthening urban finance for liveable and equitable cities.

Author: Katharina Rochell, Dr. Xing-Quan Zhang, Lennart Fleck, Victoria Delbridge and Oliver Harman
Publisher: EU, UN-Habitat, International Growth Center
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: EU, UN-Habitat, International Growth Center

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ADB COVID-19 Policy Database

The ADB COVID-19 Policy Database displays the measures taken and monetary amounts announced or estimated by the 68 members of the Asian Development Bank, two institutions, and nine other economies to fight the pandemic. The database allows the extraction of data classified along different categories like policy measures implemented by each economy, financial positions of government, or green recovery initiatives that support economic growth and produce environmental benefits.

Publisher: ADB
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: ADB

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Fiscal Decentralisation and  Redistributive Politics: Evidence from Kenya

This working paper by Michael Mbate provides insights on how party politics shape decision-makers’ incentives to compare each other’s performance across neighboring localities in the specific case of Kenya. The fiscal decentralization efforts and the public spending across local counties in Kenya through a partisan reform that increased spending in ten of Kenya’s 47 counties is examined. Drawing on household survey and further evidence, this study shows that policy-makers in the abutting counties that bordered the ten reform counties engaged in ‘’free riding’’, meaning that they reduced spending on their own public goods and services because they relied on citizens accessing services in neighboring counties.

Author: Michael Mbate
Publisher: ODI
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: ODI

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Local Dynamics of Conflict and Peace in Afghanistan

The series of six briefs analyses dynamics of conflict and conditions for peace in different regions in Afghanistan, namely Central, Western, Southern, North-East, Northern and Eastern Afghanistan. The briefs were produced in the context of the joint project Reaching Out For Peace by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES), Afghanistan Public Policy Research Organisation (APPRO) and Mediothek Afghanistan for Development and Peace Organisation (MADPO).  The three organisations want to engage Afghan citizens at the local level to identify the challenges for peace in open dialogues. The briefs are part of the outcomes of the project, aiming at reflecting ideas and perspectives of citizens concerning the needs for inclusive peace processes that can create long-term stability in Afghanistan.

Author: Lucile Martin, Saeed Parto, Martha Le Grand
Publisher: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Afghanistan
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Afghanistan

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Localisation and Local Humanitarian Action

The Humanitarian Practice Network (HPN) at ODI is an independent forum where field workers, managers and policymakers in the humanitarian sector share information, analysis and experience. The 79th number of HPN’s Humanitarian Exchange magazine focuses on localisation and local humanitarian action.  In 2016, the establishment of the Grand Bargain Agreement aimed at ensuring that local actors' capacities to address crises are expanded. However, progress in localising aid is slow. The articles in this edition specifically discuss the link between capacity strengthening and localisation. Capacity-building for localisation is analysed in various contexts and regions, in its multi-level governance aspect and through the lens of innovative, more long-term approaches. Moreover, this publication elaborates on the collaboration between international actors and local organisations aiming to support locally-led response and recovery from COVID-19 and similar crises.

Publisher: Humanitarian Practice Network (HPN), ODI
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: Humanitarian Practice Network (HPN), ODI

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Gender, Disaster Management and the Private Sector

The report published by UNDP and OCHA provides a detailed overview of the importance of gender in the private sector and disaster preparedness, response and recovery. Development, humanitarian and private sector actors have been increasing gender mainstreaming in their planning and implementation processes. However, often, the gender dimension is not considered at the intersection of disaster management and the private sector. Developed to give an input to the Connecting Business initiative (CBi), the report's aim is to support engaging the private sector in disaster management through localised, collective and anticipatory action. The report gives a thematic overview of gender and disaster management, focusing particularly on private sector disaster management, examines gender mapping and analysis in disaster management and finally presents some case studies. A dedicated chapter on COVID-19 explains the impact of the pandemic on the discussed topics.

Author: Maria Kontro
Publisher: UNDP, OCHA
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UNDP, OCHA

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Compendium of Inspiring Practices on Urban-Rural Linkages: Implementation of Guiding Principles and Framework for Action to Advance Integrated Territorial Development

Processes and trends like migration, climate change and urbanisation have been contributing to the divide between rural and urban areas, shifting allocation of resources and strongly affecting inequalities, polarisation and poverty in both environments. The COVID-19 pandemic drastically changed the way we live and move and stressed the importance of urban-rural linkages for service delivery, supply chains, restrictions to human mobility and much more. These linkages are key for recovery, sustainability and resilience of cities and territories. The second edition of the UN-Habitat "Compendium of Inspiring Practices on Urban-Rural Linkages" gives insights and recommendations from 17 case studies aiming at strengthening urban-rural linkages for resilience and integrated territorial development. The principles can be applied to policies, strategies, programmes and investment plans.

Author: Camilo A. Romero Mera
Publisher: UN-Habitat
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UN-Habitat

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