Knowledge

 
Financing for Development and Domestic Revenue Mobilisation: More International Reforms are Needed

German Development Institute (2019) Developing countries need additional funding to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. Therefore, four different financial sources such as domestic public resources, international public resources, domestic private resources or international private resources can be used. The domestic revenues from taxes and non-tax sources are by far the most important, but fail to cover the financial needs of the SDGs. Beyond this, the financial flows from international public and private sources are declining, so that the governments of developing countries are under pressure. The German Development Institute sees the mobilisation of domestic revenues as the key and focuses on the international dimension of this issue. Tax avoidance by multinational corporations, fighting tax evasion and increased tax transparency worldwide are the key areas to act on. The capability to push forward critical governance reforms at the domestic level will define to which degree the developing countries take part in international standard-settings.

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Financing for the 2030 Agenda is Missing its Targets

German Development Institute (2019) For the first time heads of state and government have met at the UN General Assembly on 24 and 25 September 2019 in New York to evaluate the progress on the SDGs and the funding of the 2030 Agenda. Recent studies by the OECD, UN and IMF have a sobering effect on the current state of affairs, especially concerning the work in developing countries. An approach known as ‘blended finance’, which involves the mobilisation of private capital for development purposes supported by public subsidies, is often considered as a solution. However, private financing in developing countries is difficult because private sector financial institutions tend to shy away despite government incentives.

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Urban Migration: Strengthening Cooperation with Civil Society

UCLG (2019) Even when most of the mandates around migration, refugees and asylum fall to the central government and therefore are being seen as a national issue, cities and local governments are dealing with the newly arrived migrants and their needs. Civil society organisations take an important role in supporting migrants by raising awareness and facilitate access to basic services. This documentation provides information about the UCLG workshop ’The role of civil society in the urban governance of migration’, which took place in June 2019 and was part of the Mediterranean City to City Migration (MC2MC) project. With case studies from Sfax, Tunisia, Malaga, Spain, Brital, Lebanon, Douala, Cameroon, Meknes and Morocco challenges and answers of the peer cities are being illustrated.

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The Roles of Local Governments in Disaster Management and Earthquake Reconstruction

The Asia Foundation (2019) This report highlights the challenges and opportunities in disaster management and earthquake reconstruction in five districts of Nepal. The results are from a field-level scoping research and contribute to improvement in disaster preparedness. Furthermore, this report provides approaches for future responses at the local level.

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The Role of the East Java Innovation Hub in Fostering Good Local Governance

ADB (2019) In the last decades, public services were successfully improved through innovation hubs that worked problem-focused and collaborative. This approach helps to break down sector and government barriers to share information and provide support to potential public and private innovators. In this governance brief the impact and role of the East Java Innovation Hub, which was established in 2015, is examined and key successes as well as challenges and opportunities are assessed.

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URBANET Spotlight on Good Governance

Urbanet (2019) URBANET, a website focusing on news around the topics Municipal and Local Governance, Sustainable Urban Development and Decentralisation, recently published a series of articles focused on different aspects of Good Governance. These articles tackle different topics, such as Municipal Finance, Digital Transformation, La Paz’s successful anti-corruption experience, the support of micro-businesses and start-ups, and the benefits of open contracting on behalf of modernising city governments.

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How Local Rules Can Promote Inclusive Land Governance in Tanzania

IIED (2019) Tanzania faces population growth and growing commercial interests as well as conservative initiatives. This growth and the rise of land-related conflicts threaten rural people’s access to land and tenure security. This briefing paper identifies the development of local rules as a key element for stronger and more equitable land governance. An inclusive and ‘gender sensitive’ approach could help to overcome land-related conflicts.

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URBANET Spotlight in Municipal Finance

Urbanet (2019) This URBANET Spotlight-series focuses on municipal finance. These articles explore why it is important to teach financial literacy and for example, how the African platform Grassroots empowers citizens to work on better communities.

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How to Formulate a National Urban Policy - A Practical Guide

UN-Habitat (2019) One of the main goals of a National Urban Policy (NUP) is to achieve better wellbeing for all and to ensure nobody is left behind. This can be achieved through, for instance, poverty reduction, improved environmental conditions and climate resilience, economic development, social and spatial integration, better governance and institutional planning. This guide provides a framework for undertaking the formulation of a NUP. It provides practical steps and a coordinated process to formulate an urban policy that adheres to five key principles: participation, inclusion, affordability, sustainability and implementability.

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Good Financial Governance Programme (GFG) in Tanzania: Examination of Taxation Costs for Market Traders in Mwanza

GIZ (2019) Commissioned by GIZ and Ambero the study ‘Examination of taxation costs for market traders in Mwanza’ examines discrimination and bias in market taxation in Mwanza City, Tanzania, concerning a number of demographic factors such as gender, age or education. The study is able to demonstrate that female traders face higher fiscal burdens concerning access to public goods and services, especially the use of toilets. Based on these findings the study gives recommendations on how to adapt the market taxation system in order to better account for the identified biases. The objective of the study is to follow up on previous findings of gender-based discrimination in market taxation in Tanzania and to initiate a gender-sensitive revenue incidence dialogue to discuss the results of the study and their implications for key stakeholders.

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