Compendium of Inspiring Practices on Urban-Rural Linkages: Implementation of Guiding Principles and Framework for Action to Advance Integrated Territorial Development

Processes and trends like migration, climate change and urbanisation have been contributing to the divide between rural and urban areas, shifting allocation of resources and strongly affecting inequalities, polarisation and poverty in both environments. The COVID-19 pandemic drastically changed the way we live and move and stressed the importance of urban-rural linkages for service delivery, supply chains, restrictions to human mobility and much more. These linkages are key for recovery, sustainability and resilience of cities and territories. The second edition of the UN-Habitat "Compendium of Inspiring Practices on Urban-Rural Linkages" gives insights and recommendations from 17 case studies aiming at strengthening urban-rural linkages for resilience and integrated territorial development. The principles can be applied to policies, strategies, programmes and investment plans.

Author: Camilo A. Romero Mera
Publisher: UN-Habitat
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UN-Habitat

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Applying the Degree of Urbanisation - A Methodological Manual to Define Cities, Towns and Rural Areas for International Comparisons

Developed by the European Commission, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and The World Bank, this manual aims to complement definitions of cities, towns and rural areas given by national statistical offices (NSOs) and ministries, through the degree of urbanisation, to ease the task of making international comparisons and classifying territories. Data producers, suppliers and statisticians can use the manual as a framework for methodology and to ensure coherent data collection. It is particularly interesting for subnational statistics to be used for policy and decision-making.

Publisher: European Commission
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: European Union, FAO, UN-Habitat, OECD, The World Bank

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Secondary Cities Post-Covid 19 - Achieving Urban Sustainable and Regenerative Development in Emerging Economies

16% of the world's population live in secondary cities, serving population both in metropolitan regions and smaller regional cities and rural areas. While, they are crucial in supporting response and recovery from COVID-19, they are often ignored by policies and investment especially in developing countries. In this report, Cities Alliance addresses the challenges and emerging opportunities that COVID-19 offers for investing in secondary cities. Through it, leaders and policymakers as well as other actors and stakeholders concerned with urban development globally, have access to knowledge about the development pathways and recommendations for the post-COVID-19 era.

Author: Serge Allou, Michael Cohen, Mitchell Cook, Joshua Drake, Rene Peter Hohmann, Joe Leitmann, Mike Lindfield, Omar Siddique, Jamie Simpson, Brian H. Roberts, Bernadia Tjandradewi, Clare Short
Publisher: Cities Alliance, UNOPS
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: Cities Alliance, UNOPS

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Localising the Sustainable Development Goals: An Urban Equality Perspective

How can we address the interconnection between urbanisation and inequalities? In this brief, Knowledge in Action for Urban Equality (KNOW) takes an urban equality approach to the localisation of the SDGs. It presents experiences and research from various cities to create synergies between goals, to strengthen focus on local context and thus focus on the perspective of inclusive outcomes. It also gives recommendations on how to advance on implementing such methods and processes.

Author: Stephanie Butcher, Camila Cociña, Christopher Yap, Caren Levy
Publisher: KNOW
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: KNOW

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Localising NDCs with Inspiration from the 2030 Agenda. A Closer Look at Voluntary Local Reviews (VLRs) and Voluntary National Reviews (VNRs)

This policy brief, developed by the Collaborative Climate Action, analyses the process and the challenges of localising the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and the Paris Agreement through the lenses of the lessons learnt from localising the SDGs. It gives recommendations on the need for clear national localisation strategies and multi-level cooperation. A central instrument used are the Voluntary Local Reviews (VLRs) to enable a bottom-up approach.

Author: Petter Lydén, Christian Deutschmeyer
Publisher: GIZ
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: GIZ

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Practical Guidebook on Data Disaggregation for the SDGs

Since the introduction of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it has become increasingly clearer that one of the biggest challenges for the guiding principle of leaving no one behind is the lack of appropriately granular data about demography. This guidebook was developed by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) and the Statistics Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) to address the challenge of collecting, integrating and sharing disaggregated data about marginalised groups and their progress towards the SDGs. The guide is intended for statisticians, national statistics offices, planning and sector ministries just as much as for researchers, academics, civil society organisations, the private sector and information providers. Its ultimate goal is to strengthen the use of existing statistical sources, methods and tools to monitor and understand the needs of vulnerable or marginalised groups. 

Publisher: ADB
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: ADB

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National Enablers for Infrastructure: Investment and Economic Development In Secondary Cities In Ghana and Uganda

It has become evident that access to investment at local level is on the one hand challenging to reach, on the other hand, an opportunity for sustainable development. The Local Economic Acceleration through Partnerships (LEAP), a joint project of the United Nations Capital Development Fund (UNCDF) and Cities Alliance, aims at supporting all actors involved in addressing obstacles to investment in cities. This report is a product of the implementation of LEAP in four cities in Uganda and Ghana. It explores the role of national actors for financing infrastructure and local development and provides findings and recommendations for possible activities in both countries.

Author: Nii Moi Thompson
Publisher: UNCDF, Cities Alliance
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: UNCDF, Cities Alliance

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OECD Working Papers on Fiscal Federalism

The series of OECD papers covers topics and issues related to intergovernmental fiscal relations and local/regional public finance. This includes tax and spending assignment across government levels, intergovernmental grants and local and regional public service efficiency as well as issues such as intergovernmental fiscal management and sub-central fiscal rules. The latest publications explore topics such as funding of local governments public investment and public health decentralisation in light of COVID-19. The papers are outputs of the OECD Network on Fiscal Relations Across Levels of Government. 

Publisher: OECD
Publication Date: 2021

Copyright: OECD

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Financing for Sustainable Development Report 2021

The Covid-19 Pandemic has slowed down and sometimes even reversed development processes around the globe. The setback for the international Agendas for development and the SDGs has to be met with appropriate responses. While damages can already be witnessed, the crisis also presents the opportunity of renewing mechanisms and understanding the need for immediate action. The 2021 Financing for Sustainable Development Report of the Interagency Task Force addresses a broad range of issues that development finance is facing, including domestic public resources, trade and more. The report highlights the importance of the local level to address the crisis and future challenges, and to build resilient financing from the bottom up.

Author: Inter-Agency Task Force on Financing for Development
Publisher: United Nations
Publication Date: 2021
Copyright: United Nations

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Facilitation Guide for Gender-Sensitive Conflict Analysis

The Facilitation Guide for gender-sensitive Conflict Analysis (GSCA), developed by Conciliation Resources and Saferworld, aims to support analysis of how gender inequality shapes social, economic and political systems, institutions and structures. It can be used by analysts, policy and programme staff working on peacebuilding, conflict prevention and security, or on gender and/or women’s empowerment in conflict-affected contexts. The guide explains how to design, use and adapt tools to analyse gender, peace, violence and conflict in any given context as well as how to integrate it in policy planning and programme implementation.

Author: Sophia Close, Hesta Groenewald and Diana Trimiño Mora
Publisher: Conciliation Resources, Saferworld
Publication Date: 2020
Copyright: Conciliation Resources, Saferworld

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