Knowledge

 
Government at a Glance Southeast Asia 2019

ADB and OECD (2019) This joint report by ADB and OECD uses 34 indicators to assess government performance and public management practices in the ten ASEAN member countries. The first edition of the ‘Governments at a Glance’ series for Southeast Asia provides the latest data on public administration, public finance and economics as well as public employment, budget practices and procedures, strategic human resources management, digital government, open government and citizen satisfaction with public services. While the report concludes that people in Southeast Asia are relatively satisfied with public service quality, the key areas identified for improvement include reducing barriers preventing women from reaching senior leadership positions, strengthening fiscal frameworks and digital government strategies to provide citizens with better access to services.

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Failing to Reach the Poorest: Subnational Financing Inequalities and Health and Education Outcomes

Development Initiatives and ODI (2019) Investments in health and education are crucial to improving lives and reducing inequalities. This paper provides information on global inequalities and carves out options to improve targeting in order to enable better preconditions for faster and more efficient progress. In this context the paper assesses the outcomes of subnational financing of health and education in 82 low- and middle-income countries as well as in target regions with the worst health and education outcomes.

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New Guidance Document Presents Towns and Cities with 15 Pathways to Localise the SDGs

ICLEI Europe, City of Aalborg and Basque Country (2019) The report ‘15 Pathways to localise the sustainable development goals’ by the City of Aalborg, the Basque Country and ICLEI outlines different ways to implement the SDGs at the local level by drawing inspiration from the 15 pathways of the Basque Declaration. The publication makes use of illustrated stories in order to give local governments and other local stakeholders’ concrete ideas for action. The chosen examples demonstrate how integrated approaches allow for goals to be implemented across sectors and departments.

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2019 Voluntary National Reviews Synthesis Report

UN DESA (2019) The 2030 Agenda incites signatories to ‘conduct regular and inclusive reviews of progress at the national and sub-national levels, which are country-led and country-driven’ (paragraph 79). In 2019 a total of 47 countries presented their results at the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development. The 2019 Voluntary National Reviews Synthesis Report summarizes these results in part and assesses them according to best practices, lessons learned as well as gaps and challenges encountered in working towards the achievement of the SDGs. In addition, key elements concerning the implementation of the 2030 Agenda as well as actions taken on each of the SDGs are outlined.

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Localizing the 2030 Agenda in Canada

BCCIC, CCIC and Canada (2019) The policy brief 'Localizing the 2030 Agenda in Canada' reviews good practices from around the world and provides the Canadian government with recommendations concerning the localisation of the 2030 Agenda in Canada. Among other proposals, the brief advocates for the inclusion of territorial, municipal and Indigenous governments in decision-making processes in order to link their individual development plans to the 2030 Agenda and foster local sustainable development solutions. The policy brief is part of the BCCIC’s and CCIC’s Good Practice in 2030 Agenda Implementation Series.

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Leave No One Behind Index 2019

ODI (2019) The ‘Leave No One Behind Index 2019’ provides information concerning the assessment and monitoring of the crucial 2030 Agenda principle ‘leave no one behind’. In addition to data collected in 2019, the report uses data from previous years to track changes and developments with regard to implementation. The report assesses that in 2019 at least 81 countries were able to work successfully with the ‘leave no one behind’ principle while 54 were ‘partially ready’ and 12 countries were ‘not ready’ yet.

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Global Conference on Strengthening Synergies between the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development

UN (2019) This publication provides a summary of the Global Conference on Strengthening Synergies between the Paris Agreement and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development held in Copenhagen from 1 - 3 April 2019. The Conference was Organised by the UN DESA and UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Ministry of Energy, Utilities and Climate Denmark, the conference’s goal was to align the climate and SDG processes and stimulate action from stakeholders at the global, regional and country level. The summary report outlines the discussed approaches to maximize climate action and SDG efforts.

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Women in Politics: Local and European Trends

The Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR) (2019) The study ‘Women in Politics: Local and European Trends’ looks at 41 European countries and analyses to what extent political positions at all levels of government are held by females. Covering a ten year period, the study demonstrates that only 1/3 of political decision-makers in Europe are women. The study showcases areas in which improvements have been made and offers recommendations to further strengthen female equity at the political level.

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Localising Protection Responses in Conflicts: Challenges and Opportunities

Humanitarian Policy Group at ODI (2019) To enlighten international humanitarian organisations’ understanding of local and self-protection efforts, this report analyses the opportunities and challenges faced by civilians in conflict situations where they are forced to provide their own frontline ‘protection services’. This paper gives recommendations for a more strategic and informed approach to localised protection responses.

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Do Fragile and Conflict-affected Countries Prioritise Core Government Functions?

Oxford Policy Management (2019) Drawing on five case study examples from Colombia, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sierra Leone and South Sudan, this study commissioned by UNDP examines to what extent ‘core government functions’ (CGF) contribute to changes in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCAS). By comparing the different experiences of the aforementioned countries, the report seeks to determine to what extent their transitions have been affected by increased investments in CGF. The report is part of a multi-country research project that aims to comprehend whether and in what way investing in public spending on CGF can result in more successful transitions towards peace in fragile and conflict-affected countries.

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