Knowledge

 
Sub-National Governments in Africa – Situation and Challenges

UCLG Africa (2018) In virtually all regions of Africa, the principle of self-government translates into a transfer of competencies previously exercised by central governments to sub-national governments. These bodies, within the framework of the exercise of these competencies, benefit from the legal persona and the financial autonomy necessary for the good fulfilment of their public missions. Although there are often large differences between African countries in terms of local governments' competencies, their definition has been an important aspect of decentralisation policies. This paper attempts to provide precise answers to questions on the quantity, regional distribution of the sub-national governments in Africa, as well as analyse leeway offered to them by their central governments.

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Assessing the Institutional Environment of Local Governments in Africa

UCLG Africa (2018) The purpose of this publication is to alert the national governments of Africa of the urgent need to establish an environment conducive to the initiative and autonomy of the cities and local authorities by providing an assessment that allows them to benchmark themselves against the minimum standars required for cities and local authorities to contribute significantly to effective management of urbanisation in Africa. For each country, the publication outlines proposals for the reform that serve as a basis for technical and financial support from UCLG Africa and its partners. The 2018 edition adds two new criteria that correspond to Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement, namely climate change and gender.

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The SDGs at City Level: Mumbai’s Example

Paula Lucci and Alainna Lynch; ODI (2016) With urbanisation ever increasing, how countries deal with growing urbanisation over the next 15 years will define governments' ability to achieve most of the SDGs. Analysing the performance on three SDG targets at slum and settlement levels in Mumbai, this report provides recommendations for early action regarding SDG implementation in cities.

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Achieving the Impossible: Can We Be SDG 16 Believers?

Alan Whaites; OECD GovNet (2016) This paper focuses on SDG 16 and discusses how development partners and other actors can better support developing countries to achieve this goal. The development community needs to focus increasingly on factors that can either positively or negatively influence the speed of progress on governance reform. Taking advantage of these factors, however, will require many development actors to radically change their practice.

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Mainstreaming the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Reference Guide to UN Country Teams

UNDP (2016) This reference guide is designed to support Member States and national stakeholders in adapting the 2030 Agenda to national contexts. It featureas an array of UNDP's approaches and tools to adapt the Agenda to national, sub-national and local conditions and realities. Section B3 and B5 (creating vertical policy coherence) are especially interesting in the context of Localising the SDGs.

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Sharing Responsibilities and Resources among Levels of Governments: Localizing the Sustainable Development Goals

Paule Smoke; UN (2016) This paper discusses the implementation of the SDGs through local governance and decentralisation. It highlights the gap between theory and practise of decentralisation and intergovernmental reforms. Systems and institutional development varies among countries. The national and historic context has a major influence on the shape and structure of the subnational governments. This is why decentralisation is best based on a broad-based country consensus. The paper provides a way for adapting the SDGs in local contexts.

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From MDGs to Sustainable Development For All: Lessons from 15 Years of Practice

UNDP (2016) This Report offers lessons from the MDG experience, distilled largely by governments and stakeholders themselves, via National MDG Reports produced from 2013 to 2015. Over 50 countries’ National MDG Reports reflected on the totality of their MDG experience. The Report analyses what worked under the MDGs and why. It ends with 10 concrete recommendations for SDG implementation, suggesting the policies, processes and practices that may help local leaders, change agents and stakeholders maximise the impact of Global Goals.

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Roadmap for Localizing the SDGs: Implementation and monitoring at subnational level

The Global Taskforce of Local and Regional Governments, UNDP and UN-Habitat (2016) All of the SDGs have targets directly related to the responsibilities of local and regional governments. Their achievement will depend on action in cities and territories. That’s why the Global Taskforce, UNDP and UN-Habitat have put together this Roadmap for Localising the SDGs, in order to support local and regional governments in the implementation and monitoring of the SDGs. The Roadmap covers a number of important areas of action for local and regional governments in relation to the SDGs, including public awareness-raising, advocacy towards national governments, and implementation and monitoring. It is not a prescriptive 'how to' guide; rather, it covers a range of strategies that can be adapted to the specific contexts and needs of different cities and regions.

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Getting Started with the SDGs in Cities: A Guide for Local Stakeholders

Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), German Cooperation, GIZ (2016) This guide outlines how cities can get started with implementing the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in cities and human settlements. In the interest of remaining applicable across a wide variety of development contexts, it provides general principles and processes that will need to be adapted to local conditions. This handbook complements an earlier SDSN National SDG Guide, "Getting Started with the SDGs- A Guide for Stakeholders" (https://sdg.guide/) that was developed for national governments and focused on country-level implementation. Together, the two guides provide a holistic framework for SDG implementation from the local through regional and national levels.

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PFD Research: National Strategies Supporting the Implementation of Agenda 2030

Policy Forum on Development (2016) 2016 was meant to be the year to set the grounds for the implementation of global commitments, in particular the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For that reason, in 2015 the PFD has launched a series of country studies that look at the process and provide a better insight into the implementation of the Agenda 2030 at country level, with a particular focus on the role of CSOs and LAs. The studies have been elaborated by local researches following a common structure for all countries and the reports for the first selected countries: Indonesia, The Netherlands, Peru and Ghana, are already available so far.

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